What Is Irrigation Describe Two Methods?

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What Is Irrigation Describe Two Methods?

Irrigation is a crucial agricultural practice that has been the backbone of food production for centuries. It involves supplying water to crops in controlled amounts to ensure their growth and development. Effective irrigation methods are essential for increasing crop yields and managing water resources efficiently. In this blog, we will explore the concept of irrigation, its importance, and describe two common irrigation methods.

The Significance Of Irrigation

Irrigation is of paramount importance in agriculture for several reasons:

  • Water Management: It ensures a controlled and efficient distribution of water, reducing the risk of overwatering or drought.
  • Increased Crop Yields: Irrigation allows farmers to grow crops in regions with insufficient rainfall, significantly increasing agricultural productivity.
  • Crop Diversification: Farmers can cultivate a wider variety of crops throughout the year, leading to more diverse and nutritious diets.
  • Food Security: Irrigation plays a vital role in ensuring a stable food supply, contributing to global food security.
  • Economic Growth: Increased crop yields result in surplus produce that can be sold, contributing to economic growth in rural areas.

Two Common Irrigation Methods

Surface Irrigation:

Surface irrigation is one of the oldest and most widely used methods. It involves the direct application of water to the soil surface and allows gravity to distribute the water to the crops. There are several subtypes of surface irrigation, including:

  • Furrow Irrigation: In this method, small channels, or furrows, are dug between rows of crops. Water flows down the furrows, wetting the soil and reaching the plant roots.
  • Basin Irrigation: Crops are grown in small, level basins or depressions in the ground. Water is applied directly into the basins and allowed to infiltrate the soil.
  • Border Irrigation: Similar to furrow irrigation, but in this method, water is supplied to a sloping field with raised borders. Water flows evenly down the slopes, irrigating the crops.

Surface irrigation is relatively simple and cost-effective but can lead to water wastage if not managed carefully.

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Drip Irrigation:

Drip irrigation is a more modern and efficient method that delivers water directly to the roots of plants through a network of pipes, tubing, and emitters. This method has gained popularity due to its precision and ability to conserve water. Key components of drip irrigation include:

  • Emitters: These devices release water at a controlled rate directly to the base of each plant.
  • Pipes and Tubing: The water source is connected to a system of pipes and tubing that transport water to the emitters.
  • Filters and Pressure Regulators: These components ensure that the water is free of debris and delivered at the appropriate pressure.

Drip irrigation offers several advantages, including reduced water wastage, better control of soil moisture, and the ability to apply fertilizers directly to the root zone. It is particularly well-suited for water-scarce regions.


Irrigation is a fundamental practice in agriculture that enhances crop production, promotes food security, and supports economic development. Surface irrigation, with its various subtypes, is a traditional and cost-effective method, while drip irrigation stands as a modern, efficient, and water-saving alternative. The choice of irrigation method depends on factors such as the type of crops, available resources, and the local climate. By understanding and implementing effective irrigation methods, we can sustainably manage our water resources and ensure a more secure and prosperous future for agriculture and food production.


What Is Irrigation Class 10?

The process of providing water to crop plants in the fields through human efforts be means of canals, wells, reservoirs, etc., is known as irrigation.

What are the two methods of modern irrigation explain Class 8?

Modern Methods of Irrigation-Sprinkler System And Drip irrigation.

What Are The Two Methods Of Surface Irrigation?

1 Definition. Surface irrigation has evolved into an extensive array of configurations which can be broadly classified as: (1) basin irrigation; (2) border irrigation; (3) furrow irrigation; and (4) uncontrolled flooding.

What Are The Two Lines Of Irrigation?

Irrigation helps to grow crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during times of below-average rainfall. In addition to these uses, irrigation is also employed to protect crops from frost, suppress weed growth in grain fields, and prevent soil consolidation.

What Is A Irrigation Short Answer?

Irrigation is the artificial process of applying controlled amounts of water to land to assist in the production of crops. The different sources of irrigation are – rivers, wells, ponds, tube-wells, lakes, dams and canals. There are various traditional and modern methods of irrigation.

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